Friday, May 1, 2015

Things to Look For in May

This spring has been cold and a little slow, like last year. Morels, in particular, are just starting to show up. Below are all the things we've highlighted before on the Natural Capital in the month of May. It's getting to be a long list!

What else have you been seeing out there? Enjoy the beautiful weekend outdoors and leave a comment here or on this post on Facebook.

yellow ladyslipper orchid
yellow ladyslipper at TWMA by Carly&Art
We often make it out to Thomspon Wildlife Management Area in early May to see the trilliums and ladyslipper orchids. I know I usually say that there's so much to see in the DC metro area that roadtrips are unnecessary, but the display at Thompson's is really unbelievable.


Photo credit: cotinis
Pinxter Azaleas - Some yards are an absolute riot of hot pinks and purples in the spring with azaleas bred from Asian species. But there is actually an azalea native to this area, and it's quite showy in its own right. They're blooming in Rock Creek Park right now.

tuliptree flower
Photo credit: The Natural Capital
Tuliptree Flowers - Tuliptrees are one of the dominant species in the forests in and around Washington, DC. But because the trees are so tall, many people have never seen their flowers. You may find some falling on the ground even if you can't see them in the treetops. (But the real treat is, you can drink their nectar.)

Baltimore oriole
Photo credit: Eric Begin

Baltimore Orioles - Migrating right along with the tuliptree nectar are the orioles. Learn to recognize their pretty song and you may greatly improve your chances of actually seeing one.

Hummingbird
Hummingbird by Jason Means
Ruby throated hummingbirds - Need I say more? Love, love, love these birds and I'm always so happy to see them come back in the spring. People have reported seeing them in the area, but I haven't spotted one yet.

Canada Warbler (male)
Canada warbler by Jeremy Meyer
There are also many species of migratory warblers -- pretty little songbirds with pretty little songs. In the last several years, we've had a day or two in mid-May when a lot pass through our yard. This post shows some of the species we see the most.

Mountain Laurel blooms
Photo credit: ac4lt
Mountain Laurel -  The gnarled, shaggy trunks of mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia) make it a showy shrub at any time of year. But in late May or early June, they burst into flower.

Tiny Tim the Titmouse
Tufted Titmouse by RunnerJenny
Tufted titmice - These birds are in the Washington DC area year round, but (like many birds) they're nesting in May. This post was inspired by catching a pair flying back and forth repeatedly to their nest to feed their young, when we went to see the mountain laurels.

Blue Flag Iris
Blue flag iris by dermoidhome
Blue flag iris - This gorgeous iris can be found in our local wetlands. It's one of the showiest flowers native to the DC region.

Mushrooms
Oyster mushrooms by justresting
Oyster mushrooms - These are quite possibly my favorite local mushroom. They're not showy like chicken of the woods or early like morels, just a reliable, plentiful mushroom with a nice mushroomy flavor.

Putty Root - closeup
Photo credit: NC Orchid
Putty root orchid - I had been looking for this flower for years. I finally saw one two years ago, in May.

serviceberry, amelanchier, juneberry
Serviceberries by dbarronoss
Serviceberries - We first learned these native, edible fruits as "Juneberries," but they should maybe be called "Mayberries" around here. (Does something already have that name, or is it just a place in tv land?) They should start ripening at the end of the month. They're scattered throughout the woods in the DC area, but you'll get the most fruit from trees that have been planted ornamentally...see our list of some of the best areas we've found, and a few more in the comments to the post.

Eyed Click Beetle (Alaus oculatus)
Photo credit: Mary Keim
Eyed click beetles - We love these funky insects and their acrobatics. If you've never seen one in action, check out the videos in our post. For some reason we seem to always see them around this time of year. I'm not sure if that's just chance, or something about their life cycle.

k8002-1
Photo credit: USDA
And while you're out looking for all these things, don't forget to start checking for ticks. Lyme disease is rampant in our area, and a big deal if you get it. But if you find a tick within 24 hours of it attaching itself to you, chances are you won't get Lyme. So just suck it up and look for the little bloodsuckers.

Sunday, April 26, 2015

LOOK FOR: Jack in the Pulpit

The Jack in the pulpits are starting to unfurl right now. I've always loved these flowers, showy in their design rather than their color.

Jack in the pulpit, Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, Arisaema triphyllum
Photo credit: Kid Cowboy
But the name Jack in the pulpit never made much sense to me until I lived in New England. In the southern Unitarian church I grew up in, a pulpit wasn't something you could stand in. It was just a stage with a lectern on it.

One day, I walked into King's Chapel in Boston (built 1689) and I got it. Their pulpit isn't a stage; it's a little cubbyhole, with a roof, just big enough for one person to stand in. This architectural arrangement would have been familiar to the early European settlers who gave Jack in the pulpit its name.

King's Chapel pulpit
King's Chapel pulpit, taken by Kjetil Ree
Jack in the pulpit, Arisaema triphyllum
Jack in the pulpit, taken by Susan Tryforos

As they mature, if you look closely, you'll see that in one "flower" there are actually many tiny flowers, lining the Jack (which botanists call a spathe). These tiny flowers can be either male or female, and often one plant has flowers of only one sex in a given year.

So, sometimes the Jack is really a Jill.

Even better, most plants change the sex of the flowers they make over time. Younger, smaller plants start off producing only male flowers. Older plants have had more time to store up energy in their roots, and will produce more leaves and female flowers.

It's the female flowers, of course, that can produce fruit. You'll see the beautiful red berries of Jack Jill in the pulpits in late summer.

Jack in the pulpit fruit, Arisaema triphyllum

Friday, April 17, 2015

What's Blooming at Turkey Run?

If you do nothing else this weekend, please, PLEASE go see the bluebells in your favorite river valley. They should be stunning. Last Sunday they were just opening up at Turkey Run, and Wednesday they were very close to peak on the other side of the Potomac (around Lock 7 on the C&O Canal).

And there's so much else going on out there. I've finally gone through the pictures we took from both walks. Here are some highlights:

twinleaf, jeffersonia diphylla
Twinleaf (Jeffersonia diphylla) and spring beauty (Claytonia virginica)
windflower, anemone canadensis
Windflower (Anemone canadensis)
Cutleaf toothwort (Cardamine concatenata)
Dutchman's breeches (Dicentra cucullaria)
Toadshade trillium (Trillium sessile)
blue cohosh, caulophyllum thalictroides
Blue cohosh (Caulophyllum thalictroides)
trout lily, erythronium americanum
Trout lily (Erythronium americanum) -- there are HUGE patches near where Dead Run crosses the trail from Turkey Run
squirrel corn, dicentra canadensis
Squirrel Corn (Dicentra canadensis)